“SANAD network”: 7 journalists and reports were executed in Iraq, Yemen and Syria. And the numbers of violations against media in Egypt are climbing.
June, 6, 2015 – According to the May, 2015 monthly observation report issued by SANAD the Media Freedom Defenders Network in the Arab World, run by the Center for Defending Freedom of Journalists, 7 reporters and journalists were assassinated during the past May, 2015.
The Report highlights the continuous rise in violations against journalists during the past year reaching 30 journalists and reporters executed.
The Executive president of Center for Defending Freedom of Journalists, Nidal Mansour stated ” the right to life is the stem of all other human rights, violating it through assassinating journalists is not only considered a heinous crime against all human rights’ recommendations but also a breach of the public’s right to knowledge”.
Mr. Mansour Added “The continuous targeting of Journalists and reporters’ lives by armed groups especially in Iraq, Yemen and Syria is a great proof that these groups are threatening media freedom even more than ruling regimes, while keeping the public in the dark in regards to their practices”.
He also called on all organizations & institutions concerned with the defense of media freedom and human rights to join and intensify efforts to protecting journalists especially in danger, disputed areas in addition to the ones under armed conflict.
The report documents the assassination of four Iraqi reporters by ISIS. Nadi Al-Naimi, a reporter for Al- Mosulieh channel was abducted by ISIS, only to be later sentenced to death by a firing squad by the group’s official Sharia’ court.
Firas Yassen, a reporter for Ninawa News Channel and Jasem Al-Jbouri, a journalist for the Ninawa Local Newspaper were executed by ISIS in one of the group’s camps in Southern Mosul.
Majed Al-Rabee’ a journalist passed away after a month of being shot by a sniper by ISIS while escorting the security forces covering Al-Karma battles.
The report highlights the most recent violations against media freedom in Yemen, where Abdallah Qabil a reporter for Yemen Shabab T.V channel, and Yusif Al-Aizi a reporter for Suhail T.V channel were both killed after being used as human shields in a bombing on one of the buildings in Thamar governorates.
An anonymous armed group in Syria assassinated the journalist Abdullah Al-Miqdad, a member of the Executive office of the Syrian Journalists’ Union after he was abducted during the past year in A’dra.
As indicated by the report, the Arab security agencies, ISIS and Armed groups are the perpetrators of most violations during the past month.
The report documented 13 different types of severely aggressive and penal violations during May, 2015 none of the perpetrators were indicted, the total number of violations reached 94 severe violations, scoring 11.8% of the total when compared with 32 violations in April.
On top of the severe violations list is corporal violence as it was repeated 34 times in May scoring 11.8% in comparison with 32 two in April.
The report documented 79 violation cases of 286 different types against 120 journalists, reporters & 5 media outlets in 14 Arab countries Jordan, Tunisia, Algeria, Sudan, Syria, Somalia, Iraq, Palestine (west bank & Gaza strip), Qatar, Lebanon, Egypt, Morocco, Mauritania & Yemen. Though a single case might include more than one type or number of violations.
Banning coverage continues as it came first in violation rates, especially by equipment confiscation during the past May with 48 times and 16.7%. Corporal violence came second with 34 times and 11.8% of the total.
Arbitrary arrest and confiscation after printing were equally repeated 11 times with 3.8% each. 10 financial damages were recorded in addition to 9 cases of degrading treatment & verbal abuse due to practicing journalism.
Banning issuing and publishing, deliberate targeting, threats of killing and equipment detention were repeated 4 times during last May.
Abduction, enforced disappearance, deleting the contents of the camera, equipment confiscation and prior censorship repeated 3 times each.
Assassination during media coverage and prohibiting publishing were repeated twice each.
Confinement in an unknown location, prohibiting practicing media profession, banning distribution, attacking headquarters and violating the sanctity of private properties all occurred once.
The report produced a list of violators and abusers, the leading perpetrators in this list were security agencies in observed countries. Amongst 18 authorities that were classified by SANAD researchers – according to the information they were able to access concerning each recorded case – security agencies committed 32 violations, which is 40.5% of the total. What caused the rise in these numbers was the ones committed by Egyptian agencies. 8 violations against journalists were by ISIS the most prominent was journalist assassination. 6 violations were committed by the Israeli occupation and armed groups.
4 cases were committed by governmental institutions and departments, civilians and anonymous perpetrators.
The Huthi group in Yemen, official & influential bodies and sport clubs all committed two violations against journalists each.
Journalists in the Arab world were the subject of one violation inflicted by universities, institutes, civil society organizations, Israeli settlers, media outlets, clergymen, international organizations and unions and parties each.