407 violations against journalists and media practitioners in September
SANAD: “Six journalists were killed; September a month with the highest rate of violations since the beginning of 2015
- Security agencies top Perpetrators of violations, followed by Houthis, Daesh and Israeli occupation authorities.
- Deliberate targeting of journalists tops physical violations… torture sets a record since the beginning of 2015
- SANAD warns against threatening media institutions… 65 violations registered in Gaza Stripe
Defenders of Media Freedom in the Arab World Network “SANAD” expressed concern over the killing of six journalists in September.
In its monthly report about the status of media freedoms in the Arab world for the month of September, SANAD said the killing of the six journalists raises the number of journalists who lost their lives since the beginning of the year to 44 and to 225 since 2012.
Managed by the Center for Defending Freedom of Journalists (CDFJ), SANAD continues issuing its monthly and yearly reports that monitor violations and assaults against journalists due to their jobs. The documentation process started three years ago.
Six journalists and media practitioners lost their lives because of their work in journalism. Four of them were shot to death by the so called Daesh in Iraq after being kidnapped and sued by the terrorist group.
In details; Nazem Nae’em Qaisi, a journalists at the Ministry of Trade media office was assassinated using an explosive device in his car when he was leaving his work. Although, the perpetrators have not been defined yet, personnel of the minister’s security guards were accused of assassinating him.
Meanwhile, Daesh executed Iraqi journalist Ikhlas Ghanem and her father who was working as a distributor in the newspaper that his daughter used to work with. Daesh accused the journalist of campaigning against them in Mousel and exposing the inhuman practices against the city’s residents.
Daesh also killed director of AlRasheed Radio station in Mousel, Yahya Abed Hamad, few hours after kidnapping him from his house.
The same gang also shot photo journalist of Sama Al Mousel Satellite Channel Qahtan Slaman after kidnapping him from his house.
Al Remah newspaper journalist, Adnan Naiemi was also killed by Daesh in the north of Mousel accusing him of betrayal of the so-called Islamic State and reporting their news to foreign media. They also kidnapped him from his house.
In a statement issued earlier, SANAD has called on security agencies in Iraq to fulfill their obligations and provide the needed protection for Iraqi journalists. This call was last September after the assassination attempt that was targeting Haidar Manouri, head of Iraqi Press Syndicate in Basra.
In Yemen, Belal Sharaf Eddin, Al Maseerah’s Channel cameraman was also killed while in duty covering operations of the coalition air forces in Sana’a.
Since the beginning of 2015, SANAD has documented reports about the killing of 19 journalists and media practitioners by Daesh in Iraq. One journalist was also assassinated in Baghdad, and investigations are on going to define the perpetrators.
Meanwhile, according to the report, rate of violations committed by the Israeli occupation forces and the Houthis in Yemen were among the highest against Arab journalists since the beginning of the year. The report documented 77 cases of violations committed by the Houthis against journalists, and 76 cases committed by the Israelis.
The highest number and most serious violations were registered in the Gaza Strip and committed by the internal security agency affiliated to Hamas.
The September report documented 407 violations committed against 95 journalists. It showed that 135 journalists and photographers were subject to assault and violations, while offices and headquarters of 25 media institutions were attacked.
The highest number of violations were committed by the Israeli occupation forces against Palestinians and stood at 113 , followed by Iraq that registered 76 violations.
Violations committed by the internal security agency of Hamas against Palestinians in Gaza were 65, Egypt (51), Lebanon (23) and 18 violations were committed by the security agencies of the National Palestinian Authority. Meanwhile, 16 violations were documented in Sudan, Syria (12), Yemen 10, Tunisia (9), Morocco (4), and three violations in each of KSA, Jordan and Mauritania and one case in Somalia.
Serious violations constituted one-third of the total violations that were documented in that month and stood at 134, noting that the perpetrators of these violations are usually not held accountable.
Data analysis showed that freedom of opinion and expression topped the rights that were violated, with 140 violations and constituted 34 per cent of the total documented cases.
The right to personal safety came second with 136 cases and constituted 33.4 per cent of the total cases, followed by the right to own property with 49 cases (12 per cent), violating the right to freedom and personal security came fourth with 10 per cent of the monitored cases.
The right not to be subject to torture or other cruel and inhuman treatment came fifth with 24 violations (5.9 per cent), as 15 journalists and photographers were subject to torture.
The report also documented five violations to the right to non-discriminatory treatment, three violations to the right to fair trials and one case of violating privacy.
There are 38 different types and forms of violations documented in the report. Preventing journalists of coverage topped them with 100 cases, followed by deliberate targeting of journalists with 34 cases.
Both physical assaults and freedom restrictions came third and each of them was reported three times, and followed by threatening with 28 cases.
Twenty-five journalists were injured during field work, 18 journalists were subject to verbal assault and 15 journalists were tortured.
Destroying equipment was recurrent for 14 times, and 11 journalists and media institutions had losses in properties and nine journalists were interrogated due to their work in journalism.
There was eight violations related to both professional treatment and deleting what is recoded on cameras, followed by detention and confiscating work tools with both of them reported seven times.
Harassment, murders, websites blocking and incitement were reported five times each, followed by damaging property (four times), unfair trials, confiscating the product after being published and censorship (three times each).
Prohibition of the publication and distribution, kidnap attempt, workplace attack, assassination attempt and prohibition of broadcasting (two times each).
The report also documented one violation related to blocking the internet, piracy, detention, threat of killing, post censorship, killing while in the field, violating privacy, preventing access to medication, attacking property and confiscating official documents